Monday, January 7, 2013


Chronic diseases are long-term diseases that are not contagious and largely preventable. They are the most common cause of death in the world and present a great burden for society, particularly diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease , cancer, dental disease, and osteoporosis. Making improvements in terms of diet and physical activity can help reduce the risk of these chronic diseases.

Healthy Diet
A diet consists of all foods that you eat. Medline Plus states that a healthy diet is one that primarily consists of fruits and vegetables and includes low-fat dairy products, lean meats, nuts, beans, whole grains, fish and eggs. It is recommended eating frozen or canned fruits and vegetables that do not contain salt and added sugar if fresh versions are not available. Fruits and vegetables contain fiber, which helps keep you full longer and prevents heart disease.
How can an unhealthy diet harm the heart?

Food provides the human body with the building blocks (nutrients) and fuel (energy) that are required for healthy function. Food is more than essential, however. For many, it is truly enjoyed on an emotional level – to be savored as an experience and viewed as a work of art.
Unfortunately, food has been linked to both emotional and physical problems. From an emotional perspective, food can be used to fill a feeling of emptiness or to gain a sense of control, sometimes leading to eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. From a physical perspective, the quality of one’s diet can be a powerful contributor to the development of many diseases, of which heart-related problems are among the most serious. Diets that are high in cholesterol and certain fats and oils greatly increase the risk of the following:
  • Hardened and narrowed arteries (atherosclerosis) as early as childhood
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Obesity (defined as a BMI greater than 30), which can put tremendous strain and additional workload on the heart.


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