The National HIV Prevention Strategy for Tanzania Mainland aims to guide comprehensive multi-sectoral HIV prevention efforts of all stakeholders during the expanded phase of HIV prevention in the country. Several national level programme reviews of Tanzania’s HIV/AIDS response identified the need for a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy to guide accelerated HIV prevention efforts in the country. The recommendations concluded that it is critical for Tanzania to have comprehensive HIV prevention strategy that is based on current knowledge of what is driving the epidemic and targeting population groups where the majority of new infections are occurring. This was felt to be particularly vital in view of the fact that, despite 25 years of HIV prevention in the country, the rate and numbers of new infections (over 200,000 annually) is still very high. This situation means that the current prevention interventions are not having the desired impact and in the long run, will overwhelm efforts to provide care and treatment of people living with HIV.
The Government of Tanzania is committed to re-invigorated HIV prevention in order to drastically reduce the rate and numbers of new HIV infections. This commitment toward HIV prevention is reflected in the second National Multi-Sectoral HIV and AIDS Framework 2008-2013 (NMSF II), which was developed in 2007. This HIV prevention strategy is closely aligned to the NMSF II, and is designed to guide the implementation of the NMSF II’s HIV prevention component. In turn, the NMSF II supports the National Health Policy (2007), The National HIV/AIDS Policy (2001), the National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction (NSGPR – MKUKUTA 2005-10), and the Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP 2009-15).
The major emphasis of The National HIV Prevention Strategy is to bring to full scale proven and prioritized HIV prevention interventions that address the drivers of the epidemic, while ensuring that disproportionately affected population groups are provided with appropriate HIV prevention efforts. It is designed to provide stakeholders involved in a wide range of HIV prevention, care, treatment, and support programs with guided reference for the prevention of new HIV infections. These stakeholders are varied, and each plays a critical role in HIV prevention. They include policy makers, community leaders, government ministries, community based organizations, local governments, people living with HIV/AIDS, faith-based organizations, the private sector, and development partners. It is only by working together that we can stem the growth of the HIV epidemic.