Saturday, January 26, 2013


On Jan. 5, 2001 -- Grapefruit juice was supposed to be good for you, but that might not always be the case. Drinking grapefruit juice together with certain medicines can increase blood levels of the drug to harmful levels, according to an editorial in the January issue of the journal Nature Medicine.
"[C]itrus fruits contain many substances other than vitamin C and some of them, such as grapefruit and Seville oranges, can be dangerous if you're taking certain medications," writes J.K. Aronson, of the university department of clinical pharmacology at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England.
Grapefruit is packed with potassium, fiber and vitamin C. The American Heart Association bestowed its heart check on the citrus fruit because of all the nutritious and healthy nutrients it contains. But grapefruit can also erode dental enamel, react dangerously with some medications and may increase the risk of developing breast cancer in post-menopausal women.
Drug Interactions
Grapefruit interacts adversely with many medications because it stops your body's CYP34A enzyme from metabolizing drugs. This means you could end up with too much medication in your system, heightening the likelihood and severity of side effects. Medications known to cause serious side effects when combined with grapefruit include calcium channel blockers, prescribed for heart-related problems; statins, prescribed for high cholesterol; some antidepressants; anti-anxiety and other psychiatric drugs; and immunosuppressants, used to prevent the body's rejection of organ transplants. For a full list of drugs that interact adversely with grapefruit, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Monday, January 21, 2013


According to AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION……THE HEALTH PROBLEMS OF greatest significance today are the chronic diseases. . . . The extent of chronic diseases, various disabling conditions, and the economic burden that they impose have been thoroughly documented. Health education and health educators will be expected to contribute to the reduction of the negative impact of such major health problems as heart disease, cancer, dental disease, mental illness and other neurological disturbances, obesity, accidents, and the adjustments necessary to a productive old age.
The new and unique role of health education in helping to meet these problems can perhaps be clarified through a review of some of the differences between procedures that have been successful in solving the problems of the acute communicable diseases and those that are available for coping with today’s problems.


The preceding discussion of educational difficulties in coping with today’s health problems emphasizes the challenge with which health educators are faced. Let us look at a few implications of this challenge for educational content and method, and for the appropriate places to concentrate our effort.
If the challenge is to be met, most of the educational efforts must be concentrated upon adults outside the classroom where the problems may arise. It will not suffice to give students in grade school or even in college a body of the latest scientific information and expect them to use the information when they reach the age when chronic diseases are most prevalent. Such an expectation overlooks an important research finding in psychology—we forget rapidly information that is not functional in our daily lives.
But even if people did remember everything they learned in grade school or college, would the latest scientific information of today serve as guides to the behavior of students when they become older? Certainly everyone would hope not, for with the dynamic nature of medical research today, there is every indication that many of the tools for dealing with the diseases of today will become much more precise. If the limited information now available were remembered and used by students in later life, it might serve as a deterrent to the real action the students should take. . . .
What, then, should be the educational focus? Rather than concentrating on imparting an organized series of health facts, should the major emphasis not be on developing among students skill in solving health problems when they occur? In every school or college, some health situation is constantly arising in which individuals or groups must take action for their health. All too often, instructors decide upon the action to be taken without giving students the opportunity to gather information regarding the problem, to evaluate it, to develop their own solution, and to put these solutions into operation.
If, however, students have the experience of making the decisions, they will learn how to assemble pertinent facts from a variety of sources—a far more important achievement than that of having acquired an extensive body of knowledge about health. They will also have an opportunity to develop the ability to discriminate between reliable and unreliable information.

Saturday, January 19, 2013


"Smoking cigarettes is probably the No. 1 cause of adverse outcomes for babies," says Welch, who's the chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Providence Hospital in Southfield, Michigan. He's seen the complications far too many times: babies born prematurely, babies born too small, babies who die before they can be born at all. In his view, pregnancies would be safer and babies would be healthier if pregnant smokers could somehow swap their habit for a serious disease such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
             If your health isn't enough to make you quit smoking, then the health of your baby should be. Smoking during pregnancy affects you and your baby's health before, during, and after your baby is born. The nicotine (the addictive substance in cigarettes), carbon monoxide, and numerous other poisons you inhale from a cigarette are carried through your bloodstream and go directly to your baby. Smoking while pregnant will:

Friday, January 18, 2013


Your Pregnancy, Week by Week
Some experts say moderate drinking during pregnancy is okay, but there are others who believe taking even one drink is like playing Russian Roulette with your baby's health.
One thing is clear, if you are pregnant and take a drink -- a glass of wine, a beer or a cocktail -- your unborn child takes the same drink. Whatever you eat or drink while pregnant goes directly through your bloodstream into the placenta.
What effect does alcohol have on a fetus?
A woman who drinks alcohol while she is pregnant may harm her developing baby (fetus). Alcohol can pass from the mother’s blood into the baby’s blood. It can damage and affect the growth of the baby’s cells. Brain and spinal cord cells are most likely to have damage.
The term "fetal alcohol spectrum disorder" (FASD) describes the range of alcohol effects on a child. The problems range from mild to severe. Alcohol can cause a child to have physical or mental problems that may last all of his or her life.
The effects of alcohol can include:

Thursday, January 17, 2013


The National HIV Prevention Strategy for Tanzania Mainland aims to guide comprehensive multi-sectoral HIV prevention efforts of all stakeholders during the expanded phase of HIV prevention in the country. Several national level programme reviews of Tanzania’s HIV/AIDS response identified the need for a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy to guide accelerated HIV prevention efforts in the country. The recommendations concluded that it is critical for Tanzania to have comprehensive HIV prevention strategy that is based on current knowledge of what is driving the epidemic and targeting population groups where the majority of new infections are occurring. This was felt to be particularly vital in view of the fact that, despite 25 years of HIV prevention in the country, the rate and numbers of new infections (over 200,000 annually) is still very high. This situation means that the current prevention interventions are not having the desired impact and in the long run, will overwhelm efforts to provide care and treatment of people living with HIV.

Tuesday, January 15, 2013


Coconut milk is made from flesh or meat of the ripe coconut fruit. It is a milky white liquid extracted from the coconut fruit. The good thing about this milk is most coconuts are grown without the use of fertilizers which means that this is the best organic milk that we should consider in our diet. Pure coconut milk is very popular in many cultures around the world. In fact, it has been used by several countries for their cuisine like West Indies, West Africa, Hawaii, Thailand, Indonesia and Philippines. This is because of its rich and delicious flavor.
Coconut milk and coconut oil in addition to being a great source of saturated fat, coconut oil and milk contain MCT oils, which burn very well for energy. Try adding a tablespoon of coconut oil or a serving of coconut milk to your next pre workout meal (2 hours before training) and get ready for an incredible workout.

Saturday, January 12, 2013


Drug abuse is a problem that is presently being experienced in many parts of the world, Tanzania included. When used according to a doctor’s prescription, drugs can be people’s best friends. They will cure all our ailments and restore us to good health.  Nevertheless, drugs can be abused if someone takes too many of them and harm the user. They can be of value to us only when they are used for medical reasons as  prescribed by a doctor.

Among the most commonly misused drugs are tranquillisers like Valium and painkillers like Panadol and Aspirin. In the group of illegal drugs are cannabis in different forms, khat and methaquolone, also known as mandrax, heroin and cocaine.

Friday, January 11, 2013


Alcoholism (alcohol dependence) and alcohol abuse are two different forms of problem drinking.
  • Alcoholism is when you have signs of physical addiction to alcohol and continues to drink, despite problems with physical health, mental health, and social, family, or job responsibilities. Alcohol may control your life and relationships.
  • Alcohol abuse is when your drinking leads to problems, but not physical addiction.

By The Citizen Reporter

Dar es Salaam. Tanzania on  March  2011 launched a

Monday, January 7, 2013


Chronic diseases are long-term diseases that are not contagious and largely preventable. They are the most common cause of death in the world and present a great burden for society, particularly diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease , cancer, dental disease, and osteoporosis. Making improvements in terms of diet and physical activity can help reduce the risk of these chronic diseases.

Sunday, January 6, 2013


MOST of marriages break due to this problem in the world, just have a look on this concept,it would help in one way or another.According to netdoctor as is the case with women, lack of desire in men can be of either physical or psychological origin.
Physical causes

Friday, January 4, 2013


TB is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These germs can be spread from one person to others. These germs can be spread through the air when a person with TB disease coughs, sneezes, yells, or sings. Children, although they may be infectious, usually are not as likely as adults to transmit TB to others. (TB is not spread by objects such as clothes, toys, dishes, walls, floors, and furniture.) When a person is sick from the TB germ, the person has TB disease. TB can be serious for anyone, but is especially dangerous for children younger than 5 years old and for any persons who have weak immune systems, such as those with HIV or AIDS.
       Tuberculosis kills 3,000,000 people in the world every year, more than AIDS, malaria, and other tropical disease combined. One third of the world's population is infected with tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is the leading infectious disease cause of death and represents more than a quarter of the world's preventable deaths.


There are many people who think that washing hands frequently is a waste of time. However, they are unaware that our hands are host to many bacteria and viruses that can cause infectious diseases.

Did you know that regular hand washing is the most essential factor for maintaining good health? Every human being comes in contact with germs and bacteria in their daily life. These harmful microorganisms are present all around us like on the door knobs, faucets, light switches, stair railings, etc. People touch these things while doing their routine work, without thinking much about it and with the same hands touch their face, eyes, nose and sometimes eat food, too. While performing these acts, the germs and bacteria get into our body, causing several diseases. Hence, it is important for all of us to know and educate others with the right methods to follow, to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Wednesday, January 2, 2013


Apple is the fruit from an apple tree. People eat apples as a normal part of the diet, but apples are also used as medicine.

How does it work?
Apples contain pectin, which helps bulk up the stool to treat diarrhea and constipation. Apples also contain some chemicals that seem to be able to kill bacteria. Apple peel contains a chemical called ursolic acid that is suspected to have a role in building muscle and metabolism.
Apples, in many different varieties, taste good. They also provide fiber and antioxidants that your body needs. Apples, one of the most nutritious fruits,

Tuesday, January 1, 2013


There are several custard apple benefits and these include benefits during pregnancy as well. Some of these benefits are:-
  Custard apples contain a great deal of copper which helps the body to form hemoglobin. This is especially useful for pregnant women as they need about 1000 micrograms of copper daily. Eating custard apples during pregnancy is therefore beneficial for the mother and child.
  Custard apples are a rich source of Vitamin B.